Propaganda and National Security


See also Mass Media in Wartime


Allen, George V. "Propaganda: A Conscious Weapon of Diplomacy." The Department of State Bulletin 21, no. 546 (December 19, 1949): 941-943.

Alpers, Benjamin L.  Dictators, Democracy, and American Public Culture: Envisioning the Totalitarian Enemy, 1920s–1950s.  Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2003.

Anreus, Alejandro, Diana L. Linden, and Jonathan Weinberg.  The Social and the Real: Political Art in the1930s in the Western Hemisphere.  University Park: Penn State University Press, 2006.

Arndt, Richard T.  The First Resort of Kings: American Cultural Diplomacy in the 20th Century.  Dulles, VA: Potomac Books, 2005.

Aulich, James. War Posters: Weapons of Mass Communication.  New York: Thames & Hudson, 2007.

Auerbach, Jonathan, and Russ Castronovo, eds.  The Oxford Handbook of Propaganda Studies. New York: Oxford University Press, 2013.

Axelrod, Alan.  Selling the Great War: The Making of American Propaganda.  New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2009.

Balfour, Michael.  Propaganda in War and Peace, 1939-1945.  Boston: Routledge and Keegan Paul, 1979.

Barnhisel, Greg, and Catherine Turner, eds.  Pressing the Fight: Print, Propaganda, and the Cold War.  Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 2010.

Barrett, Edward W.  Truth is Our Weapon.  New York: Funk and Wagnalls, 1953.

Beals, Carleton, The Coming Struggle for Latin America. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott and Co., 1938.   

Belmonte, Laura Ann.  "Defending a Way of Life:  American Propaganda and the Cold War, 1945-1961."  PhD dissertation, University of Virginia, 1996.

Belmonte, Laura A. “Exporting America: The U.S. Propaganda Offensive, 1945–1959.” in The Arts of Democracy: Art, Public Culture, and the State.  ed. Casey Nelson Blake, 123–50. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2007.

Belmonte, Laura A.  Selling the American Way: U.S. Propaganda and the Cold War.  Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2008.

Berinsky, Adam J.  In Time of War: Understanding American Public Opinion from World War II to Iraq.  Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2009.

Bernays, Edward.  Propaganda.  New York: Liveright, 1928.

Bernhard, Nancy E.  "Clearer Than Truth: Public Affairs Television and the State Department's Domestic Information Campaigns, 1947-1952."  Diplomatic History 21 (Fall 1997): 545-568.

Bernhard, Nancy E. US Television News and Cold War Propaganda, 1947-1960. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1999.

Blakey, George T.  Historians on the Homefront: American Propagandists for the Great War.  Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 1970.

Block, Ralph.  “Propaganda and the Free Society.”  Public Opinion Quarterly 12:4 (Winter 1948-49): 677-686.

Bogart, Leo.  Premises for Propaganda: The United States Information Agency's Operating Assumptions in the Cold War.  New York: Free Press, 1976.

Boyd, Douglas A. “The Pre-History of the Voice of America.”  Public Telecommunications Review 2: 6 (December 1974): 38-45.   

Brcak, Nancy, and John R. Pavia. "Racism in Japanese and United States Wartime Propaganda." Historian 56 (Summer 1994): 671-684.

Brewer, Susan A.  Why America Fights: Patriotism and War Propaganda from the Philippines to Iraq.  New York: Oxford University Press, 2009.

Bruntz, George G. Allied Propaganda and the Collapse of the German Empire in 1918.  Stanford University: Stanford University Press, 1938.

Browne, Donald R. "The Voice of America: Policies and Problems." Journalism Monographs 43 (1976).

Bruntz, G.G.  Allied Propaganda and the Collapse of the German Empire in 1918.  Palo Alto: Stanford University Press, 1938.

Buitenhuis, Peter. The Great War of Words: British, American and Canadian Propaganda and Fiction, 1914-1933.   Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press, 1987.

Caroll, Wallace.  Persuade or Perish.  Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1948.

Casey, Steven.  Selling the Korean War: Propaganda, Politics, and Public Opinion in the United States, 1950-1953.  New York: Oxford University Press, 2008.

Caute, David.  The Dancer Defects: The Struggle for Cultural Supremacy during the Cold War.  New York: Oxford University Press, 2003.

Chandler, Robert W.  War of Ideas: The US Propaganda Campaign in Vietnam.  Boulder: Westview Press, 1981.

Chittick, William O.  “The Domestic Information Activities of the Department of State.”  PhD dissertation, Johns Hopkins University, 1964.

Choukas, Michael.  Propaganda Comes of Age.  Washington: Public Affairs Press, 1965.

Christia, Thomas B., and Andrew M. Clark.  “Framing Two Enemies in Mass Media: A Content Analysis of U.S. Government Influence in American Film During World War II.”  American Journalism 25:1 (Winter 2008): 55-72.

Cole, Robert, ed., The Encyclopedia of Propaganda. New York: Sharpe, 1998.

Cone, Stacey.  "Democratic Morality and the Freedom Academy Debate: Thought Control, Propaganda, and the US Government, 1954-1968."  PhD dissertation, University of North Carolina, 2002.

Cone, Stacey.  "Pulling the Plug on America's Propaganda: Senator W.J. Fullbright's Leadership of the Anti-Propaganda Movement, 1943-1974."  Journalism History 30:4 (Winter 2005): 166-176.

Cone, Stacey.  “The Pentagon’s Propaganda Windmills” Journalism History 33 (Spring 2007): 24-41.

Coste, Brutus.  “Propaganda to Eastern Europe.”  Public Opinion Quarterly 14:4 (Winter 1950-51): 639-666.

Creel, George.  How We Advertised America. New York: Harper Brothers, 1920.

Critchlow, James.  Radio Hole-in-the-Head: Radio Liberty- An Insider’s Story of Cold War Broadcasting.  Washington: American University Press, 1995.

Culbert, David H. "Why We Fight: Social Engineering For a Democratic Society at War." in Film and Radio Propaganda in World War II, K.R.M. Short, ed. London: Croon Helm, 1983.

Culbert, David H., edFilm and Propaganda in America: A Documentary History. 4 Volumes.  New York: Greenwood Press, 1990.

Culbert, David. “Public Diplomacy and the International History of Mass Media: The usia, the Kennedy Assassination, and the World” Historical Journal of Film, Radio, and Television 30 (September 2010), 421–432.

Cull, Nicholas John. Selling War: The British Propaganda Campaign against American "Neutrality" in World War II. New York: Oxford University Press, 1995.

Cull, Nicholas J.  “The Man Who Invented Truth: The Tenure of Edward R. Murrow as Director of the United States Information Agency during the Kennedy Years.”  Cold War History 4: 1 (2003): 23-48.

Cull, Nicholas J.  The Cold War and the United States Information Agency: American Propaganda and Public Diplomacy, 1945–1989. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2008.

Cummings, Richard H.   Cold War Radio: The Dangerous History of American Broadcasting in Europe, 1950-1989.  Jefferson, NC: McFarland, 2009.

Cummings, Richard H.  Radio Free Europe’s Crusade for Freedom: Rallying Americans Behind Cold War Broadcasting, 1950-1960.  Jefferson, NC: McFarland, 2010.

Davenport, Lisa E.  Jazz Diplomacy: Promoting America in the Cold War Era. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 2009.

Davis, Elmer.  "Report to the President."  edited by Ronald T. Farrar.  Journalism Monographs No. 7 (August 1968).  (reprint of official report of OWI in WWII)

Dawnsley, Gary D.  Radio Diplomacy and Propaganda: The BBC and VOA in International Politics, 1955-64.  New York: St. Martin’s, 1996.

DeBauche, Leslie Midkiff. Reel Patriotism: The Movies and World War I.  Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1997.

Deihl, E. Roderick, “South of the Border: The NBC and CBS Radio Networks and the Latin American Venture, 1930-1942,” Communication Quarterly, Vol. 25, No. 4 (Fall 1977), p. 2-12.   

Dizard, Wilson P.  The Strategy for Truth: The Story of the U.S. Information Service.  Washington DC: Public Affairs Press, 1961.

Doob, Leonard William. Propaganda: Its Psychology and Technique.  New York: H. Holt and Co., 1935.

Doob, Leonard W.  Public Opinion and Propaganda.  New York: Henry Holt, 1948.

Dryer, Sherman H., Radio in Wartime.  New York: Greenberg, 1942.   

Dunbar, Burton L.  Art and Propaganda: Images of Ourselves and out Enemies, 1914-1918.  Kansas City: Liberty Memorial Museum, 1987.

Elder, Robert.  The Information Machine: The United States Information Agency and American Foreign Policy.  Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1968.

Ellul, Jacques. Propaganda: The Formation of Men's Attitudes. New York: Vintage Books, 1965.

Falk, Andrew J.  Upstaging the Cold War: American Dissent and Cultural Diplomacy, 1940-1960.  Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 2010.

Fawcett, Bill, ed. You Said What? Lies and Propaganda throughout History. New York: HarperCollins, 2007.

Fejes, Fred. Imperialism, Media, and the Good Neighbor: New Deal Foreign Policy and United States Shortwave Broadcasting to Latin America.  Norwood, NJ: Ablex Publishers, 1986.

Fitzpatrick, Dick.  “Telling the World about America.”  Public Opinion Quarterly 10:4 (Winter 1946-47): 582-592.  

Foster, H. Schulyer, Jr.  “How America Became Belligerent.”  American Journal of Sociology 40 (1935): 464-475.   WWI prop.

Fousek, John.  To Lead the Free World: American Nationalism and the Cultural Roots of the Cold War. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2000.

Freid, Jacob H.  “The OWI’s Moscow Desk.”   Public Opinion Quarterly 10:2 (Summer 1946): 156-167.

King, Erica G.  "Exposing the Age of Lies: The Propaganda Menace as Portrayed by Magazines in the Aftermath of World War I." Journal of American Culture 12 (1989): 35-40.

Garrett, Amy C.  "Marketing America: Public Culture and Public Diplomacy in the Marshall Plan Era, 1947-1954."  PhD dissertation, University of Pennsylvania, 2004.

Gary, Brett. The Nervous Liberals: Propaganda Anxieties from World War I to the Cold War.  New York: Columbia University Press, 1999.

Grandin, Thomas.  The Political Uses of Radio.  New York: Arno, 1971.  (reprint of 1939 publication)

Granville, Johnanna.  "Caught with Jam on our Fingers: Radio Free Europe and the Hungarian Revolution of 1956."  Diplomatic History 29 (November 2005): 811-840.

Green, Fitzhugh.  American Propaganda Abroad.  New York: Hippocrene, 1988.

Grieves, Kevin.  “The U.S. Information Bulletin and Mixed Signals in the Democracy Lessons for Postwar Germany.”  American Journalism 25:3 (Summer 2008): 71-96.

Grossman, Andrew D. Neither Dead Nor Red: Civilian Defense and American Political Development During the Early Cold War.  New York: Routledge, 2001. 

Gruber, Carol. Mars and Minerva: World War I and the Uses of Higher Learning in America.  Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1975.

Hale, Julian.  Radio Power: Propaganda and International Broadcasting.  Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1975.

Hamblin, Terry Robert.  “Selling America: The ‘Voice of America’ and United States Radio Propaganda to Western Europe, 1945–1954.”  PhD dissertation, State University of New York- Stony Brook, 2006.

Hansen, Allen C.  USIA: Public Diplomacy in the Computer Age.  2nd ed.  New York: Praeger, 1989.

Harris, Elliot.  The "Un-American" Weapon: Psychological Warfare.  New York: Lads, 1967.

Hart, Justin.  "Making Democracy Safe for the World: Race, Propaganda, and the Transformation of U.S. Foreign Policy During World War II."  Pacific Historical Review 73 (February 2004): 49-84.

Hiebert, Ray Eldon, and Carlton E. Spitzer, edsThe Voice of Government.  New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1968.

Heil, Alan L.  Voice of America: A History.  New York: Columbia University Press, 2003.

Hench, John B.  Books as Weapons: Propaganda, Publishing, and the Battle for Global Markets in the Era of World War II.  Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2010.

Henderson, John W.  The United States Information Agency.  New York: Praeger, 1969.

Herzog, Herta.  “Listener Mail to the Voice of America.”  Public Opinion Quarterly 16:4 (Winter 1952-53): 607-611.  

Hixson, Walter L.  Parting the Curtain: Propaganda, Culture and the Cold War.  New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 1998.

Hogan, J. Michael. "The Science of Cold War Strategy: Propaganda and Public Opinion in the Eisenhower Administration's War of Words." in Critical Reflections on the Cold War: Linking Rhetoric and History, Martin J. Medhurst and H.W. Brands, eds. College Station: Texas A&M Press, 2001.

Honey, Maureen. Creating Rosie the Riveter: Class, Gender, and Propaganda During World War II. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1984.

Horton, GerdRadio Goes To War: The Cultural Politics of Propaganda During World War II.  Berkeley: University of California Press, 2002.

Inkeles, Alex.  “Soviet Reactions to the Voice of America.”  Public Opinion Quarterly 16:4 (Winter 1952-53): 612-617.

Johnstone, Andrew. “Creating a ‘Democratic Foreign Policy’: The State Department’s Division of Public Liaison and Public Opinion, 1944–1953.” Diplomatic History 35 (June 2011): 483–503.

Jordan, John M. Machine-Age Ideology: Social Engineering and American Liberalism, 1911-1939.  Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1994.

Jowett, Garth S., and Victoria O’Donnell.  Propaganda and Persuasion.  5th ed.  Los Angeles: SAGE, 2011.

Joye, Walter.  The Propaganda Gap.  New York: Harper and Row, 1963.

Kennedy, Liam, and Scott Lucas.  “Enduring Freedom: Public Diplomacy and U.S. Foreign Policy.”  American Quarterly 57:2 (June 2005): 309-333.

Kimble, James Jerry.  "Mobilizing the Home Front: War Bonds, Morale, and the U.S. Treasury's Domestic Propaganda Campaign, 1942-1945." Ph.D. dissertation, University of Maryland, 2001.

Kimble, James J.  Mobilizing the Home Front: War Bonds and Domestic Propaganda.  College Station: Texas A&M Press, 2006.

King, Erika G.  “Exposing the Age of Lies: The Propaganda Menace as Portrayed in American Magazines in the Aftermath of World War I.”  Journal of American Culture 12:1 (Spring 1989): 35-40.

Knutson, Anne C.  "Beasts, Brawn, and Selling a War: American World War I Propaganda Posters, 1917-1918."  PhD dissertation, University of Pittsburg, 1997.

Koppes, Clayton C. and Gregory D. Black. Hollywood Goes to War: How Politics, Profits and Propaganda Shaped World War II Movies. (1990)

Laurie, Clayton D. The Propaganda Warriors: America's Crusade Against Nazi Germany. Lawrence: University of Kansas Press, 1996.

Lavine, Harold, and James Wechsler. War Propaganda and the United States. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1940.

Lee, Alfred McClung. How to Understand Propaganda.  New York: Rinehart, 1953.

Lee, Mordecai.  Promoting the War Effort: Robert Horton and Federal Propaganda, 1938-1946.  Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2012.

Leigh, Michael.  Mobilizing Consent: Public Opinion and American Foreign Policy, 1937-1947.  Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1988.

Lentz, Richard, and Carla Gower.  The Opinions of Mankind: Racial Issues, Press, and Propaganda in the Cold War.  Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 2011.
Lerner, Daniel, edPropaganda in War and Crisis.  New York: Stewart, 1951.

Lippmann, Walter. Public Opinion.  New York: The Free Press, 1922.

Luconi, Stefano.  "The Voice of the Motherland: Pro-Fascist Broadcasters for the Italian-American Communities in the United States."  Journal of Radio Studies 8 (2001): 61-80.

Lumley, Frederick E.  The Propaganda Menace.  New York: Century, 1933.

Lutz, Ralph Haswell. "Studies of World War Propaganda, 1914-33." The Journal of Modern History 5: 4 (December 1933): 496-516.

Machcewicz, Pawel. Poland’s War on Radio Free Europe, 1950-1989.  Palo Alto: Stanford University Press, 2014.

Manning, Martin, and Herbert Romerstein.  Historical Dictionary of American Propaganda.  Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 2004.

Margolin, Leo.  Paper Bullets.  New York: Forbin Press, 1946.

Messinger, Gary S. The Battle for the Mind: War and Peace in the Era of Mass Communication. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 2011.

Meyers, James M.  The Bureau of Motion Pictures and its Influence on Film Content During World War II.  Lewiston, NY: Edwin Mellen Press, 1998.

Minor, Dale.  The Information War.  New York: Hawthorn Books, 1970.

Mock, James R. and Cedric Larson. Words That Won the War: The Story of the Committee on Public Information, 1917-1919. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1939.

Montague, Clifford.  “OWI: Winning Wars with Words.”  Media History Digest 11:2 (1991): 28-46.

Nelson, Michael.  War of the Black Heavens: The Battles of Western Broadcasting in the Cold War.  New York: Brassey’s, 2007.

Nelson, Richard Alan.  A Chronology and Glossary of Propaganda in the United States.  Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1996.

Ninkovich, Frank.  The Diplomacy of Ideas: U.S. Foreign Policy and Cultural Relations, 1938-1950.  New York: Cambridge University Press, 1981.

Oakes, Guy.  The Imaginary War: Civil Defense and American Cold War Culture.  New York: Oxford University Press, 1994. 

Osgood, Kenneth Alan.  "Total Cold War: US Propaganda in the 'Free World,' 1953-1960." Ph.D. dissertation, University of California- Santa Barbara, 2001.

Osgood, Kenneth.  Total Cold War: Eisenhower’s Secret Propaganda Battle at Home and Abroad.  Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 2006.

Osgood, Kenneth A.  “Words and Deeds: Race, Colonialism, and Eisenhower’s Propaganda War in the Third World,” in The Eisenhower Administration, the Third World, and the Globalization of the Cold War, ed. Kathryn C. Statler and Andrew L. Johns.  Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield, 2006.

Page, Caroline.  U.S. Official Propaganda During the Vietnam War, 1965-1973: The Limits of Persuasion.  London: Leicester University Press, 1996.

Palmer, Allen W., and Edward L. Carter.  “ The Smith-Mundt Act’s Ban on Domestic Propaganda: An Analysis of the Cold War Statute Limiting Access to Public Diplomacy.”  Communication Law and Policy 11:1 (Winter 2006): 1-34.

Parry-Giles, Shawn J. "Militarizing America's Propaganda Program, 1945-1955." in Critical Reflections on the Cold War: Linking Rhetoric and History, Martin J. Medhurst and H.W. Brands, eds. College Station: Texas A&M Press, 2001.

Parry-Giles, Shawn J.  The Rhetorical Presidency, Propaganda, and the Cold War, 1945–1955.  Westport, Conn.: Praeger, 2002.

Phillips, H. Hart.  “The Future of American Propaganda in Latin America.”  Public Opinion Quarterly 9:3 (Autumn 1945): 305-312.

Pinkleton, B.  "The Campaign of the Committee on Public Information: Its Contributions to the History and Evolution of Public Relations."  Journal of Public Relations Research 6:4 (1994): 229-240.

Pullin, Eric D.  “‘Noise and Flutter’: American Propaganda Strategy and Operation in India during World War II.”  Diplomatic History 34 (April 2010): 275–298.

Qualter, Terence H.  Propaganda and Psychological Warfare.  New York: Random House, 1962.

Qualter, Terence H. Opinion Control in the Democracies.  New York: St. Martin's Press, 1985.

Read, James M.   Atrocity Propaganda: 1914-1919.  New Haven: Yale University Press, 1941.

Reich, Elizabeth. “A Broader Nationalism: Reconstructing Memory, National Narratives, and Spectatorship in World War II Black Audience Propaganda.” Screen 54 (Summer 2013): 174–193.

Robbins, Louise S.  “Publishing American Values: The Franklin Book Programs as Cold War Cultural Diplomacy.”  Library Trends 55:3 (Winter 2007): 638-650.

Roberts, Van Thomas. “Censorship and Propaganda in the Warner Brothers War Films of World War II, 1942–1945.”  PhD dissertation, Mississippi State University, 2006.

Roetter, Charles. The Art of Psychological Warfare, 1914-1945.  New York: Stein and Day, 1974.

Rollins, Peter C.  “Frank Capra’s Why We Fight Series and Our American Dream.”  Journal of American Culture 19:4 (Winter 1996): 81-86.

Rolo, Charles J., Radio Goes to War: The “Fourth Front.”  New York: Putnam and Sons, 1942.   

Ross, Stewart Halsey.  Propaganda for War: How the United States Was Conditioned to Fight the Great War of 1914-1918.  Jefferson, NC: McFarland and Company, 1996.

Rossini, Daniela.  Woodrow Wilson and the American Myth in Italy: Culture, Diplomacy, and War Propaganda.  Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2008.

Russell, Edmund P.  "Speaking of Annihilation: Mobilizing for War Against Insect and Human Enemies, 1914-1945."  Journal of American History 82 (March 1996).

Salwen, Michael B., “Broadcasting to Latin America: Reconciling Industry-Government Functions in the Pre-Voice of America Era,” Historical Journal of Film, Radio and Television, Vol. 17, No. 1 (1997), pp. 67-89.   

Sbardellati, John.  “Cold War, Culture War: The FBI and the Battle over Film Propaganda.”  PhD dissertation, University of California, Santa Barbara, 2006.  

Schwalbe, Carol B.  “Jacqueline Kennedy and Cold War Propaganda.”  Journal of Broadcasting and Electronic Media 49:1 (March 2005): 111-127.

Schlosser, Nicholas J.  Cold War on the Airwaves: The Radio Propaganda War Against East Germany.  Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2015.

Schwenk-Borrell, Melinda M.  "Selling Democracy: The USIA's Portrayal of American Race Relations, 1953-1976."  PhD dissertation, University of Pennsylvania, 2004.

Scott, Cord.  “Written in Red, White, and Blue: A Comparison of Comic Book Propaganda from World War II and September 11.”  Journal of Popular Culture 40:2 (April 2007): 325-343.

Scott, Ian. “From Toscanini to Tennessee: Robert Risking, the OWI, and the Construction of American Propaganda in World War II.”  Journal of American Studies (Cambridge) 40 (August 2006): 347–366.

Secunda, Eugene, and Terence P. Moran.  Selling War to America: From the Spanish American War to the Global War on Terror.  Westport: Praeger, 2007.

Seidman, Steven A.  Posters, Propaganda, and Persuasion in Election Campaigns around the World and through History. New York: Lang, 2008.

Shulman, Holly Cowan. Voice of America: Propaganda and Democracy, 1941-1945. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1990.

Simpson, Christopher.  The Science of Coercion:  Communication Research and Psychological Warfare, 1945-1960.  New York: Oxford University Press, 1994.

Smith III, Ted. J. Propaganda: A Pluralistic Perspective. New York; Westport CT: Praeger, 1989.

Snow, Nancy.  Persuaders-in-Chief: The Presidents and Propaganda that Shaped Modern America.  New York: Routledge, 2008.

Snow, Nancy, ed.  Propaganda and American Democracy.  Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2014.

Soley, Lawrence C.  Radio Warfare: OSS and CIA Subversive Propaganda.  New York: Praeger, 1989.

Sorensen, Thomas C.  The Word War: The Story of American Propaganda.  New York: Harper and Row, 1968.

Sorlin, Pierre.  “The Cinema: American Weapon for the Cold War.”  Film History 10:3 (1998): 375-381.

Spiller, James A.  "This is War!  Network Radio and World War II Propaganda in America."  Journal of Radio Studies 11 (June 2004): 55-72.

Sproule, Michael J. Propaganda and Democracy: The American Experience of Media and Mass Persuasion.  New York: Cambridge University Press, 1997.

Squires, James D.  British Propaganda at Home and in the United States from 1914 to 1917.  Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1935.

Steele, Richard W.  Propaganda in an Open Society: The Roosevelt Administration and the Media, 1933-1945.  Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1985.

Stiles, David.  “A Fusion Bomb over Andalucia: U.S. Information Policy and the 1966 Palomares Incident.”  Journal of Cold War Studies 8 (Winter 2006): 49–67.

Stoneman, Timothy.  “A Bold New Vision: The VOA Radio Ring Plan and Global Broadcasting in the Early Cold War.”  Technolgy & Culture 50:2 (April 2009): 316-344.

Sweeney, Michael S.  “Harvey O’Higgins and the Daily German Lie.”  American Journalism 23:3 (Summer 2006): 9-28.

Swoch, James.  Global TV: New Media and the Cold War, 1946-1969.  Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2008.

Tobia, Simona. “Advertising America: voa and Italy.” Cold War History 11 (February 2011): 27–47.

Tobia, Simona. “Did the RAI Buy It? The Role and Limits of American Broadcasting in Italy in the Cold War.” Cold War History 13 (May 2013): 171–191.

Tobin, James E.  "Why We Fight: Versions of the American Purpose in World War II."  PhD dissertation, University of Michigan, 1986.

Tuch, Hans N.  Communicating With the World: United States Public Diplomacy Overseas.  New York: St. Martin's, 1990.

Tyson, James L.  U.S. International Broadcasting and National Security.  New York: National Strategy Information Center, 1983.

Van Schaack, Eric.  “The Division of Pictorial Publicity in World War I.”  Design Issues 22 (Winter 2006): 32–45.

Vaughn, Stephen. Holding Fast the Inner Lines: Democracy, Nationalism and the Committee on Public Information. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1980.

Vaughn, Stephen. "Prologue to Public Opinion: Walter Lippmann's Work in Military Intelligence." Prologue, Quarterly of the National Archives and Records Administration.  15: 3 (Fall 1983): 151-163.

Wala, Michael.  “Selling the Marshall Plan at Home: The Committee for the Marshall Plan to Aid European Recovery.”  Diplomatic History 10:3 (Summer 1986): 247-265.

Washburn, Philo C.  Broadcasting Propaganda: International Radio Broadcasting and the Construction of Political Reality.  Westport, Conn.: Praeger, 1992.

Wilkerson, Marcus M.  Public Opinion and the Spanish-American War: A Study in War Propaganda.  Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1932.

Walsh, Daniel C.  An Air War with Cuba: The United States Radio Campaign against Castro. Jefferson: McFarland, 2012.

Welch, David, ed.  Propaganda, Power, and Persuasion: From World War I to Wikileaks. New York: I.B. Tauris, 2014.

Winkler, Alan. The Politics of Propaganda: The Office of War Information, 1942-1945.  New Haven: Yale University Press, 1978.

Winkler, Jonathan R.  "Wiring the World: United States Foreign Policy and Global Strategic Communications, 1914-1921."  PhD dissertation, Yale University, 2004.

Yang, Mei-ling. “Selling Patriotism: The Representation of Women in Magazine Advertising in World War II.” American Journalism  12, no. 3 (1995): 304–20.

Yarrow, Andrew L.  “Selling a New Vision of America to the World: Changing Messages in Early U.S. Cold War Print Propaganda.”  Journal of Cold War Studies 11:4 (Fall 2009): 3-45.

Young, Dannagal Goldthwaite. “Sacrifice, Consumption, and the American Way of Life: Advertising and Domestic Propaganda during World War II.” Communication Review 8 (January­March 2005): 27­52.

Young, Robert J.  Marketing Marianne: French Propaganda in America, 1900-1940.  Piscataway, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2004.